Skip to content fr
Download PDF

2015 Annual Report Data

Membership Statistics

Lawyers by age and gender

Age Range Total Male %-M Female %-F
Total 49,040 28,707 58.5 20,333 41.5
Under age 30 3,410 1,461 3.0 1,949 4.0
Age 30 – 39 12,675 5,967 12.2 6,708 13.7
Age 40 – 49 11,357 5,750 11.7 5,607 11.4
Age 50 – 65 14,569 9,334 19.0 5,235 10.7
Over Age 65 7,029 6,195 12.6 834 1.7

Paralegals by age and gender

Age Range Total Male %-M Female %-F
Total 7,635 2,936 38.5 4,699 61.5
Under age 30 2,149 488 6.4 1,661 21.8
Age 30 – 39 1,831 562 7.4 1,269 16.6
Age 40 – 49 1,542 648 8.5 894 11.7
Age 50 – 65 1,803 976 12.8 827 10.8
Over Age 65 310 262 3.4 48 0.6

Geographical distribution of lawyers

Area Total Male %-M Female %-F
Total 49,040 28,707 58.5 20,333 41.5
Metropolitan Toronto 24,277 13,992 28.5 10,285 21.0
Ontario (excl. Metro Toronto) 20,432 12,414 25.3 8,018 16.3
Canada (excl. Ontario) 2,539 1,378 2.8 1,161 2.4
Outside Canada 1,792 923 1.9 869 1.8

Geographical distribution of paralegals

Area Total Male %-M Female %-F
Total 7,635 2,936 38.5 4,699 61.5
Metropolitan Toronto 2,928 1,108 14.5 1,820 23.8
Ontario (excl. Metro Toronto) 4,602 1,792 23.5 2,810 36.8
Canada (excl. Ontario) 86 25 0.3 61 0.8
Outside Canada 19 11 0.1 8 0.1

Lawyers by type of employment

Type of Employment Total Male %-M Female %-F
Total 38,246 22,521 59 15,726 41
Sole Practitioner 8,606 6,077 16 2,529 7
Partner 6,982 5,347 14 1,635 4
Employee 1,139 601 2 538 1
Associate 7,145 3,796 10 3,349 9
Education 555 230 1 325 1
Government 5,577 2,342 6 3,235 8
In-House 4,750 2,399 6 2,351 6
Legal Clinic 516 164 0 352 1
Other 2,976 1,565 4 1,412 4

Paralegals by type of employment

Type of Employment Total Male %-M Female %-F
Total 6,007 2,376 40 3,631 60
Sole Practitioner 1,615 1,033 17 582 10
Partner 157 96 2 61 1
Employee 750 259 4 491 8
Associate 186 77 1 109 2
Education 53 8 0 45 1
Government 495 135 2 360 6
In-House 391 190 3 201 3
Legal Clinic 101 16 0 85 1
Other 2,259 562 9 1,697 28

Statistical Snapshot of Lawyers from the Lawyer Annual Report (LAR) 2014

Representation in profession vs. representation in Ontario Population – Racialized (%)

Profession Population
17.6 26

Representation in profession vs. representation in Ontario Population – Aboriginal (%)

Profession Population
1.5 2.3

Racialized & Aboriginal by percentage of respondents

First Nations 1.0
Inuk 0.01
Métis 0.5
Arab 0.8
Black (e.g., African-Canadian, African, Caribbean) 2.9
Chinese 3.2
East-Asian (e.g., Japanese, Korean) 1.2
Latin American, Hispanic 0.6
South Asian (e.g., Indo-Canadian, Indian Subcontinent) 5.9
South-East Asian 0.6
West Asian (e.g., Iranian, Afghan) 0.9
More than one Racialized Group 0.4
Racialized and White 1.1
Total Racialized and Aboriginal 17.6
White 80.9

Type of Licence by Racialization (%)

Group Sole Practice Law Firm Partner Law Firm Associate Law Firm Employee Legal Clinic In-House Govern- ment Education Retired or Not Working Other and New Licensees
First Nations and Inuk 25 9 11 2 3 10 23 3 9 5
Métis 21 8 17 5 1 4 28 2 9 4
Arab 20 12 22 4 2 9 13 0 7 10
Black 31 6 13 2 3 11 19 1 9 6
Chinese 19 10 21 2 2 18 12 0 9 7
East-Asian 13 13 18 3 2 17 17 1 10 6
Latin American, Hispanic 18 12 24 3 1 14 14 1 8 5
South Asian 28 9 17 3 2 13 13 1 8 6
South-East Asian 27 10 19 4 1 12 13 1 9 5
West Asian 29 5 25 5 0 13 11 1 8 4
More than One Racialized Group 18 4 26 3 7 11 11 1 10 9
Racialized and White 11 8 23 3 4 17 16 2 8 7

Gender - Total

Women 42.6%
Men 57.3%

Type of Licence (%)

Sole Practice Law Firm Partner Law Firm Associate Law Firm Employee Legal Clinic In-House Govern- ment Education Retired or Not Working Other and New Licensees
Women 14.4 9.7 17.6 2.9 1.9 13.6 18.7 1.9 12.3 7.1
Men 26.1 23.5 15.1 2.5 0.6 10.3 10.0 1.0 4.8 6.0
Francophone Identity and Ability to Provide Legal Advice in French 15.6 11.3 13.8 2.9 2.1 10.2 26.8 2.4 8.5 6.4
Presence of a Disability 24.2 8.5 10.6 1.9 2.5 7.7 19.6 3.6 16.0 5.4
Sexual Orientation 14.5 10.1 16.6 2.4 3.1 11.9 22.9 3.1 7.9 7.5

Statistical Snapshot of Paralegals from the Paralegal Annual Report (PAR) 2014

Representation in profession vs. representation in Ontario Population – Racialized — in Percentages

Profession Population
34.3 26

Representation in profession vs. representation in Ontario Population – Aboriginal — in Percentages

Profession Population
1.6 2.3

Racialized & Aboriginal by percentage of respondents

First Nations 0.9
Inuk 0.0
Métis 0.6
Arab 1.3
Black (e.g., African-Canadian, African, Caribbean) 6.9
Chinese 5.1
East-Asian (e.g., Japanese, Korean) 0.9
Latin American, Hispanic 3.9
South Asian (e.g., Indo-Canadian, Indian Subcontinent) 9.3
South-East Asian (e.g., Vietnamese, Cambodian) 2.8
West Asian 2.3
More than one Racialized Group 0.8
Racialized and White 0.9
Total Racialized & Aboriginal 34.3
White 64.2

Type of Licence by Racialization — in Percentages

Group Sole Practice Partner Associate Employee at a Firm Legal Clinic In-House Govern- ment Education Retired or Not Working Other and New Licensees
First Nations and Inuk 26 2 0 7 7 4 9 0 20 26
Métis 47 0 6 3 3 6 9 0 16 9
Arab 28 0 2 8 2 5 5 0 23 29
Black 26 1 0 7 1 6 7 1 23 27
Chinese 29 2 0 13 1 2 4 1 22 26
East-Asian 13 9 7 20 0 2 4 0 22 24
Latin American, Hispanic 21 5 2 11 3 5 9 1 17 26
South Asian 29 3 2 8 1 2 5 0 24 27
South-East Asian 21 1 3 10 0 5 2 1 26 29
West Asian 24 1 4 13 0 6 4 0 28 19
More than one Racialized Group 19 2 0 7 5 5 12 5 24 21
Racialized and White 16 0 5 12 2 0 12 0 23 30

Gender - Total

Women 60%
Men 40%

Type of Licence (%)

Sole Practice Law Firm Partner Law Firm Associate Law Firm Employee Legal Clinic In-House Govern- ment Education Retired or Not Working Other and New Licensees
Women 40.1 3.8 2.8 10.2 0.7 7.6 5.1 0.4 13.7 15.8
Men 14.8 1.6 2.4 12.4 2.1 5.2 8.7 1.0 20.8 31.0

Complaints and Investigations

New complaints received in the Professional Regulation Division, by year

2014 2015
Total number of complaints 4,781 4,647

Complaints referred for investigation by the Intake Department

2014 2015
To Complaints Resolution 1,555 1,511
To Investigations 1,291 1,302

Cases completed in the Complaints Resolution Department

2014 2015
Complaints closed 1,532 1,280
Complaints transferred out 111 113

Cases completed in the Investigations Department

2014 2015
Complaints closed 961 924
Complaints transferred out 274 325

Lawyers in practice against whom a complaint was made in 2015 by size of firm, compared to all lawyers in practice by size of firm

All lawyers in practice by size of firm (%) Lawyers in practice against whom a complaint was made in 2015 by size of firm (%)
Total 100% 100%
Sole practitioners 34% 53%
Lawyers in firms with 2 to 10 licensees 31% 34%
Lawyers in firms with 11 to 25 licensees 9% 6%
Lawyers in firms with 26 to 50 licensees 7% 3%
Lawyers in firms with > 50 licensees 19% 4%

Paralegals against whom a complaint was made in 2015 by firm size, compared to all paralegals in practice by size of firm

All paralegals in practice by size of firm (%) Paralegals in practice against whom a complaint was made in 2015 by size of firm (%)
Total 100% 100%
Sole practitioners 51% 79%
Paralegals in firms with 2 to 3 licensees 19% 14%
Paralegals in firms with 4 to 6 licensees 10% 3%
Paralegals in firms with > 6 licensees 20% 4%

Lawyers in practice against whom a complaint was made in 2015 by years in practice, compared to all lawyers in practice, by years in practice

Lawyers in practice, by years in practice (%) Lawyers in practice against whom a complaint was made in 2015, by years in practice (%)
Total 100% 100%
0-5 years in practice 20% 11%
6-10 years in practice 15% 13%
11-15 years in practice 15% 14%
16-20 years in practice 11% 9%
21-25 years in practice 10% 12%
26-30 years in practice 9% 11%
Over 30 years in practice 20% 30%

Paralegals in practice against whom a complaint was made in 2015, compared to all paralegals in practice, by years licensed

Paralegals in practice, by years licensed (%) Paralegals in practice against whom a complaint was made in 2015, by years licensed (%)
0-1 years in practice 31% 18%
2-3 years in practice 24% 19%
4-5 years in practice 14% 17%
More than 5 years in practice 31% 46%

Issues raised in new complaints

Issues raised in new complaints received in the Professional Regulation Division (%)
Service Issues 51%
Integrity 47%
Governance 19%
Financial 10%
Conflicts 7%
Special Applications 8%

Area of law in which complaints occurred

Area of law % of new complaints
Civil Litigation 28.4%
Matrimonial/Family 18.7%
Real Estate 17.2%
Criminal/Quasi-Criminal 11.2%
Estates/Wills 7.7%
Corporate/Commercial 6.2%
Employment/Labour 2.6%
Bankruptcy/Insolvency 0.3%
Administrative/Immigration 11.5%
Other* 9.1%

* “Other” may include allegations of conduct unbecoming or misconduct that is not related to a specific area of law.

Discipline

Hearings: matters heard and disposed of by the Law Society Tribunal – Hearing Division in 2015

Conduct Lawyers Paralegals
TOTALS 96 32
Reprimand 16 0
Suspension 30 16
Permission to surrender licence 8 1
Revocation of licence 14 2
Dismissed/stayed 4 2
Withdrawn/abandoned 5 0
Interlocutory suspension/restriction 7 3
Capacity 5 0
Non-compliance 1 0
Reinstatement/terms dispute 2 1
Licensing (including re-admission) 4 7

Discipline issues by percentage of total*

% of Total
CONFLICTS
(Lawyer in position of conflict, business/financial relations with client)
8.2%
FINANCIAL
(Mishandling trust accounts, misappropriation, real estate/mortgage schemes)
21.6%
GOVERNANCE
(Failure to co-operate with Law Society, unauthorized practice)
45.3%
INTEGRITY
(Civility, counselling/behaving dishonourably)
46.8%
CLIENT SERVICE ISSUES
(Fail to account, fail to communicate, fail to serve client)
55.3%
SPECIAL APPLICATIONS
(Capacity, good character)
11.2%

* Figures total more than 100% because some files raise more than one issue.

Law Society Tribunal

Law Society Tribunal: Files opened, by year and type

2015 2014 2013 2012
Total 158 148 179 137
Hearing Files 142 125 159 115
Lawyer 100 102 127 96
Paralegal 42 23 32 19
Appeal Files 16 23 20 22
Lawyer 13 18 19 17
Paralegal 3 5 1 5

Law Society Tribunal: Files closed, by year and type

2015 2014 2013 2012
Total 160 180 156 143
Hearing Files 142 152 134 129
Lawyer 107 119 115 99
Paralegal 35 33 19 30
Appeal Files 18 28 22 14
Lawyer 16 23 18 11
Paralegal 2 5 4 3

Number of lawyers and paralegals before the Law Society Tribunal, by year and type

  2015 2014 2013 2012
Proceeding Management Conference 122 127 141 126
Lawyer 100 109 115 112
Paralegal 22 18 26 14
Hearing Panel 137 161 146 159
Lawyer 103 127 121 134
Paralegal 34 34 25 25
Appeal Management Conference 12 15 18 17
Lawyer 11 13 15 12
Paralegal 1 2 3 5
Appeal Panel 12 26 27 18
Lawyer 9 21 24 11
Paralegal 3 5 3 7

Complaints Review

Requests for reviews and review meetings held

2014 2015
Requests for reviews 240 207
Cases reviewed 198 160

Complaints Resolution Commissioner’s decisions rendered, by outcome

2014 2015
Recommendation for case to remain closed 160 (96%) 150 (93%)
Recommendation for further regulatory action 4 (2%) 11 (7%)
Other recommendation 3 (2%) 0

Response of the Executive Director, Professional Regulation to files referred back from the Commissioner for further action

2014 (4) 2015 (11)
Adopted CRC recommendation 4 (100%) 8 (73%)
Declined CRC recommendation 0 0
Response outstanding 0 3 (27%)

Mortgage Fraud

Number of New Lawyer Investigations Commenced in Year

Year Number of Complaints
2011 48
2012 52
2013 36
2014 54
2015 34

Mortgage Fraud Prosecutions – 2015 results from the Law Society Tribunal – Hearing Division

Lawyer reprimanded 2
Lawyer suspended 4
Lawyer permitted to surrender licence 1
Licence revoked 4

Mortgage Fraud Prosecutions – results from the Law Society Tribunal since 2001

Licence revoked (disbarred) 43
Permission to surrender licence 18
Licence suspended 51
Other Lesser Penalty (e.g., Reprimand, Fine) 4

Trusteeships, Unclaimed Trust Fund, Compensation Fund, Costs Recovered

Unclaimed Trust Fund – 2015

Applications received 440
Approved 218
Denied 180
Pending 50
Total received $516,715
Claims paid (3) $3,077

Licensing Statistics

Lawyers issued a licence in 2015

Lawyers Issued a licence
Total licensed 2,201
Male 1,072
Female 1,129

Paralegals issued a licence in 2015

Licensed
Total 1,372
Male 392
Female 980

Lawyer enrolment in the Licensing Process by equity-seeking group: 2011-15 (%)

2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Women * 50.1% 51.9% 53% 50% 54%
Racialized communities *† 20.4% 23.8% 23% 24% 22%
Francophones *† 6.3% 6% 4% 5% 6%
Aboriginal People *† 1.67% 1.4% 2.6% 2% 2%

* Based on applications for candidates who entered the licensing process in 2011 through 2015.
Percentages obtained from applications for the licensing process in 2011 through 2015, in which applicants voluntarily self-identified.

Paralegal enrolment in the Licensing Process by equity-seeking group: 2011-15

2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Women * 72.9% 71.89% 70.8% 68.6% 64%
Racialized communities *† 14.2% 20.1% 21.3% 22.5% 21%
Francophones *† 2.48% 2% 2% 1.7% 2.9%
Aboriginal People *† 0.69% 3.25% 3.25% 2.4% 2.6%

* Based on applications for candidates who entered the licensing process in 2011 through 2015.
Percentages obtained from applications for the licensing process in 2011 through 2015, in which applicants voluntarily self-identified.

Lawyers licensed, by gender: 2011-2015

Year Total licensed Female % of Total Male % of Total
2015 2,201 1,129 51.3% 1,072 48.7%
2014 1,984 1,049 52.9% 935 47.1%
2013 1,994 989 49.6% 1,005 50.4%
2012 1,866 960 51% 906 49%
2011 1,681 864 51% 817 49%

Paralegals licensed, by gender: 2011-15

Year Total Licensed Female % of Total Male % of Total
2015 1,372 980 71.4% 392 28.6%
2014 1154 790 68.5% 364 31.5%
2013 1344 902 67.1% 442 32.8%
2012 1,049 698 66.5% 351 33.4%
2011 751 490 65.2% 261 34.7%

Law Firms/Paralegal Firms

Law Firms by Size

Size Per Number of Licensees Firm % Licensee %
Total 10,209 100.0 23,938 100.0
1 lawyer 7,577 74.2 7,577 31.7
2 – 10 lawyers/paralegals 2,387 23.4 7,472 31.2
11 – 25 lawyers/paralegals 158 1.5 2,347 9.8
26 – 50 lawyers/paralegals 51 0.5 1,622 6.8
51 + lawyers/paralegals 36 0.4 4,920 20.5

Notes:
a) Based on licensee primary business

Paralegal Firms by Size

Size Per Number of Licensees Firm % Licensee %
Total 1,748 100.0 2,085 100.0
1 paralegal 1524 87.2 1524 73.1
2 lawyers/paralegals 146 8.4 255 12.2
3 lawyers/paralegals 39 2.2 100 4.8
4 lawyers/paralegals 16 0.9 44 2.1
5 lawyers/paralegals 8 0.4 34 1.6
6 – 10 lawyers/paralegals 11 0.6 68 3.3
11 – 25 lawyers/paralegals 3 0.2 17 0.8
26 – 50 lawyers/paralegals 1 0.1 43 2.1
51 + lawyers/paralegals 0 0.0 0 0.0

Notes:
a) Based on licensee primary business

Law Society Referral Service

LSRS referrals to lawyers and paralegals

Referrals
Lawyer 32,311
Paralegal 3,614
Total 35,925

LSRS referrals by area of law: Lawyers

Referrals
Administrative Law 7%
Business Law 6%
Civil Litigation 31%
Criminal Law 8%
Estates Law 7%
Family Law 21%
Labour & Employment 15%
Real Estate Law 5%

LSRS referrals by area of law: Paralegals

Referrals
Administrative Law 32%
Civil Litigation 51%
Criminal Law 17%

LSRS members by geographical region: Lawyers

Lawyers
Total 1,145
Central East 164
Central South 88
Central West 150
East 147
Metropolitan Toronto 510
Northeast 20
Northwest 5
Outside Ontario 2
Southwest 59

LSRS members by geographic region: Paralegals

Paralegals
Total 136
Central East 41
Central South 14
Central West 19
East 5
Metropolitan Toronto 47
Northeast 2
Northwest 0
Southwest 8
Back To Top