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2013 Annual Report: Performance Highlights
Lawyers by Age and Gender
Age Total Male Female
*Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
Under age 30   3% 4%
Age 30 – 39   12% 14%
Age 40 – 49   13% 11%
Age 50 – 65   21% 10%
Over Age 65   11% 1%
Total 46,054 60% 40%
Paralegals by Age and Gender
Age Total Male Female
*Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
Under age 30   6% 21%
Age 30 – 39   7% 14%
Age 40 – 49   10% 12%
Age 50 – 65   15% 10%
Over Age 65   3% 0%
Total 5,942 41% 59%
Geographical Distribution of Lawyers
Location Total Male Female
*Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
Metropolitan Toronto 50% 29% 21%
Ontario (excl. Metro Toronto) 42% 26% 16%
Canada (excl. Ontario) 5% 3% 2%
Outside Canada 4% 2% 2%
Total 100% 60% 40%
Geographical Distribution of Paralegals
Location Total Male Female
*Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
Metropolitan Toronto 38% 16% 22%
Ontario (excl. Metro Toronto) 61% 25% 36%
Canada (excl. Ontario) 1% 0% 1%
Outside Canada 0% 0% 0%
Total 100% 41% 59%
Type of Employment for Lawyers in Ontario
Age Range Total Male Female
*Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding. 9,596 lawyers who are retired, who live outside of Ontario or who have had their fee excused are not counted in employment statistics.
Sole Practitioner   16% 6%
Partner   15% 4%
Employee   2% 2%
Associate   10% 9%
Education   1% 1%
Government   6% 9%
Other (incl. Corporate and non-profit sectors)   10% 9%
Total 36,458 60% 40%
Membership (Paralegal) by Area of Employment in Ontario
Age Range Total Male Female
*Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding. 1,028 paralegals who are retired, who live outside of Ontario or who have had their fee excused are not counted in employment statistics.
Sole Practitioner   19% 10%
Partner   2% 1%
Employee   5% 10%
Associate   1% 2%
Education   0% 0%
Government   2% 4%
Other (incl. Corporate and non-profit sectors)   14% 29%
Total 4,914 43% 57%
Lawyers Called to the Bar in 2013
Lawyers Called No.
*Total includes 5 L3, 70 mobility, 2 returning and 39 transfers.
Men 1005
Women 989
Total 1994
Paralegals Issued a Licence in 2013
Licences Issued No.
*Total includes 12 non-college and 86 exempted licences.
Men 442
Women 902
Total 1344
Enrolment in the Licensing Admission Process: 2009-2013
  % of total candidates in 2009 % of total candidates in 2010 % of total candidates in 2011 % of total candidates in 2012 % of total candidates in 2013
*Based on applications for candidates who entered the licensing process in 2009 through 2013.
†Percentages obtained from applications for the licensing process in 2009 through 2013, in which applicants voluntarily self-identified.
Women* 52.9% 53% 54% 50% 53%
Racialized communities*† 12.9% 19% 22% 24% 45%
Francophones*† 7% 5% 6% 5% 4%
Aboriginal People*† 1.9% 2% 2% 2% 2.6%
Paralegal Enrolment in the Licensing Process: 2009-2013
  % of total candidates in 2009 % of total candidates in 2010 % of total candidates in 2011 % of total candidates in 2012 % of total candidates in 2013
*Based on applications for candidates who entered the licensing process in 2009 through 2013.
†Percentages obtained from applications for the licensing process in 2009 through 2013, in which applicants voluntarily self-identified.
Women* 70% 67.1% 64% 68.6% 70.8%
Racialized communities*† 16.8% 30.3% 30.7% 35.4% 34.6%
Francophones*† 1.3% 1.5% 2.9% 1.7% 2%
Aboriginal People*† 1.7% 2.9% 2.6% 2.4% 3.25%
Call to the Bar Statistics: 2009-2013
Year Total Called Female % of Total Male % of Total
2003 889 480 54% 409 46%
2004 954 517 54% 437 46%
2005 1,064 607 57% 457 43%
2006 1,128 592 53% 536 47%
2007 1,121 633 56.5% 488 43.5%
2008 1,297 673 51.9% 624 48.1%
2009 1,544 815 53% 729 47%
2010 1,651 836 51% 815 49%
2011 1,681 864 51% 817 49%
2012 1,866 960 51% 906 49%
2013 1,994 989 49.6% 1,005 50.4%
Paralegal Licensing Statistics: 2009-2013
Year Total Licensed Female % of Total Male % of Total
2009 427 297 69.5% 130 30.4%
2010 864 612 70.8% 252 29.1%
2011 751 490 65.2% 261 34.7%
2012 1,049 698 66.5% 351 33.4%
2013 1344 902 67.1% 442 32.8%
Law Firms by Size
Number of Licensees # of firms %
*Percentages are based on total firms and may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
1 lawyer 9,072 77%
2 – 10 lawyers/paralegals 2,415 21%
11 – 25 lawyers/paralegals 161 1%
26 – 50 lawyers/paralegals 47 0%
51 + lawyers/paralegals 40 0%
Total 11,735 100%
Paralegal Firms by Size
Size Per Number of Licensees Firm %
*Percentages are based on total firms and may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
1 paralegal 1,437 86%
2 paralegals 145 9%
3 paralegals 45 3%
4 paralegals 17 1%
5 paralegals 7 0%
6 – 10 paralegals 11 1%
11 – 15 paralegals 3 0%
16 – 20 paralegals 1 0%
Total 1,666 100%
Law Firms by Number of Licensees Working in Them
Size of firm # of licencees %
*Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
1 lawyer 9,072 34%
2 – 10 lawyers/paralegals 8,059 30%
11 – 25 lawyers/paralegals 2,497 9%
26 – 50 lawyers/paralegals 1,581 6%
51 + lawyers/paralegals 5,522 21%
Total 26,731 100%
Paralegal Firms by Number of Licensees Working in Them
Size Per Number of Licensees Firm %
*Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
1 paralegal 1,437 68%
2 paralegals 290 14%
3 paralegals 135 6%
4 paralegals 68 3%
5 paralegals 35 2%
6 – 10 paralegals 85 4%
11 – 15 paralegals 41 2%
16 – 20 paralegals 16 1%
Total 2,107 100%
New Complaints Received in PRD by Year
  2013 2012
Received by Intake Department 5,040 4,782
Transferred by Intake
To Complaints Resolution 1,852 1,839
To Investigations 1,309 1,201
To other departments 23 26
Cases completed in Complaints Resolution
Complaints closed 1,788 1,769
Complaints transferred out 101 83
Cases completed in Investigations
Complaints closed 1,142 1,053
Complaints transferred out 202 202
Breakdown of Lawyers in Practice with Firm Size Identified who Received Complaints in Professional Regulation in 2013
Size %
Sole practitioners 55%
Lawyers in small firms (2-5) 28%
Lawyers in medium-sized firms (6-20) 12%
Lawyers in large firms (> 20) 5%
Breakdown of lawyers in practice with firm size identified
Size %
Sole practitioners 33%
Lawyers in small firms (2-5) 21%
Lawyers in medium-sized firms (6-20) 16%
Lawyers in large firms (> 20) 30%
Breakdown of Licensed Paralegals in Practice by Firm Size Identified who Received Complaints in Professional Regulation in 2013
Size %
Sole practitioners 72%
Paralegals in small firms (2-3) 19%
Paralegals in medium-sized firms (4-6) 7%
Paralegals in large firms 2%
Breakdown of paralegals in practice with firm size identified
Size %
Sole practitioners 52%
Paralegals in small firms (2-3) 21%
Paralegals in medium-sized firms (4-6) 10%
Paralegals in large firms 17%
Breakdown of Lawyers in Practice who received Complaints in Professional Regulation in 2013, by Years in Practice
Years %
0-5 years in practice 9%
6-10 years in practice 13%
11-15 years in practice 12%
16-20 years in practice 11%
21-25 years in practice 13%
26-30 years in practice 11%
over 30 years in practice 31%
Breakdown of Lawyers by Years in Practice
Years %
0-5 years in practice 19%
6-10 years in practice 14%
11-15 years in practice 15%
16-20 years in practice 11%
21-25 years in practice 12%
26-30 years in practice 9%
over 30 years in practice 20%
Breakdown of Licensed Paralegals in Practice who Received Complaints in Professional Regulation in 2013
Years %
0-1 years in practice 13%
2-3 years in practice 29%
more than 3 years in practice 58%
Breakdown of Paralegals in Practice by Years in Practice
Years %
0-1 years in practice 37%
2-3 years in practice 20%
more than 3 years in practice 43%
Area of Law in Which Complaints Occurred
Type %
Civil Litigation 26%
Matrimonial/Family 20%
Real Estate 17%
Criminal/Quasi-Criminal 10%
Estates/Wills 7%
Corporate/Commercial 5%
Other 12%
Employment/Labour 2%
Bankruptcy/Insolvency 1%
Administrative/Immigration 10%
Complaints by Reason for Closure
Reason For Closure No.
No jurisdiction, early resolution or lack of information 2,595
Staff caution, best practices advice or allegation not established 2,246
Diversion (audit recommended, Invitation to Attend, Letter of Advice, etc.) 104
Law Society Tribunal hearing on conduct or capacity 248 (encompassing 117 matters
Complaints by Type
Issues Raised in Compliants % of Complaints Received Which Raise Identified Issue
Service: e.g. fail to account, fail to communicate, fail to serve client. Integrity: e.g. civility, counselling/ behaving dishonourably.
Governance: e.g. fail to cooperate with the Law Society, unauthorized practice. Financial: e.g. mishandling trust accounts, misappropriation, real estate / mortgage schemes. Special Applications: e.g. capacity, good character.
Conflicts: e.g. licensee in a position of conflict, business / financial relations with client. (Note that one complaint can raise more than one issue.)
Service 56%
Integrity 42%
Governance 21%
Financial 12%
Special Applications 9%
Conflicts 7%
Other Issues 4%
Types of Complaints Received in Professional Regulation, by Firm Size – Lawyers
Firm Size Client Service Issues Integrity Issues Governance Issues Financial Issues Conflicts Issues
Sole Practitioner (52% of paralegals) 53% 54% 68% 64% 52%
Small Firm: 2 to 3 licensees (21% of paralegals) 30% 29% 22% 26% 25%
Medium Firm: 4 to 6 licensees (10% of paralegals) 12% 11% 7% 7% 15%
Large Firm: > 6 licensees (17% of paralegals) 5% 6% 2% 3% 9%
Types of Complaints Received in Professional Regulation, by Firm Size – Paralegals
Firm Size Client Service Issues Integrity Issues Governance Issues Financial Issues Conflicts Issues
Sole Practitioner (52% of paralegals) 67% 78% 74% 64% 50%
Small Firm: 2 to 3 licensees (21% of paralegals) 21% 16% 19% 25% 38%
Medium Firm: 4 to 6 licensees (10% of paralegals) 8% 5% 5% 11% 13%
Large Firm: > 6 licensees (17% of paralegals) 4% 2% 1% 0% 0%
Hearings: Matters Heard and Disposed of by Hearing Panels in 2013
Matters Type   Lawyers Paralegals
Conduct Total 94 18
Reprimand 19 4
Suspension 46 10
Permission to surrender licence 7 1
Revocation of licence 11 2
Terms/conditions only 1 0
Dismissed/stayed 9 0
Withdrawn 1 1
Interlocutory suspension/restriction 3 0
Capacity 2 0
Competency 0 0
Non-compliance 0 0
Reinstatement 1 1
Licensing (including readmission) 4 3
  104 22
Total: 126
Discipline Issues by Percentage of Total
Discipline Issues %
Figures total more than 100% because some files raise more than one issue.
Conflicts (Lawyer in position of conflict, business/financial relations with client) 10%
Financial (Mishandling trust accounts, misappropriation, real estate/mortgage schemes) 24%
Governance (Failure to co-operate with Law Society, unauthorized practice) 43%
Integrity (Civility, counselling/behaving dishonourably) 46%
Client Service Issues (Fail to account, fail to communicate, fail to serve client) 44%
Special Applications (Capacity, good character) 5%
Tribunals: Files Opened
  2013 2012

*The Tribunals Office opens a file when it is issued upon the filing of an originating process that has been served on the parties. An originating process includes a notice of application, referral for hearing, motion for interlocutory suspension or practice restriction, and appeal.

*Files related to the same lawyer or paralegal that are heard concurrently are counted as separate files.

Hearing Files 159 115
Lawyer 127  
Paralegal 32  
Appeal Files 20 22
Lawyer 19  
Paralegal 1  
Total 179 137
Tribunals: Files Closed
  2013 2012

*The Tribunals Office closes a file after the final decision and order (and reasons, if any) have been delivered or published. A file that is closed in a quarter may have been opened in that same quarter or at any time prior.

Hearing Files 134 129
Lawyer 115  
Paralegal 19  
Appeal Files 22 14
Lawyer 18  
Paralegal 4  
Total 156 143
Number of Lawyers and Paralegals before the Tribunals
  2013 2012
PMC 141 126
Lawyer 115  
Paralegal 26  
Hearing Panel 146 159
Lawyer 121  
Paralegal 25  
AMC 18 17
Lawyer 15  
Paralegal 3  
Appeal Panel 27 18
Lawyer 24  
Paralegal 3  
Requests for Reviews and Review Meetings Held
  2013 2012
Requests for reviews 223 262
Cases reviewed 205 242
Decisions rendered 205 242
Recommendation for case to remain closed 192 224
Recommendation for further regulatory action 9 9
Other Recommendation 4 9
Director’s response to 9 files referred back for further investigation
Adopted CRC recommendation 6 5
Declined CRC recommendation 3 4
LSRS Referrals to Lawyers and Paralegals
Lawyers Paralegals Total
62,288 3,639 65,927
LSRS Referrals by Area of Law: Lawyers
Administrative Law Business Law Civil Litigation Criminal Law Family Law Labour & Employment Real Estate Law
6% 3% 36% 9% 28% 15% 4%
LSRS Referrals by Area of Law: Paralegals
Administrative Law Civil Litigation Criminal Law
34% 54% 12%
LSRS Members by Geographical Region: Lawyers
Central East 149
Central South 93
Central West 162
East 160
Metropolitan Toronto 574
Northeast 15
Northwest 9
Southwest 62
Total 1,224
LSRS Members by Geographical Region: Paralegals
Central East 43
Central South 19
Central West 46
East 22
Metropolitan Toronto 63
Northeast 4
Northwest 0
Southwest 17
Total 214
Mortgage Fraud Outcomes Since 2001
Outcome No.
*There have been 104 substantive mortgage fraud cases since 2001.
License Revoked (Disbarred) 36
Permission to Surrender License 16
License Suspended 48
Other Lesser Penalty (e.g.Reprimand, Fine) 3
Dismissed for Delay 1
Not Found 0
2013 Hearing Panel Results of Mortgage Fraud Prosecutions
Result No.
Lawyer reprimanded 2
Lawyer suspended 14
Lawyer permitted to surrender licence 2
Licence revoked 1